Pain and discomfort of the feet can affect our mood and overall ability to enjoy each day. At Rieter Podiatry Associates, we want you to feel your best every day! Many foot and ankle conditions can be easily prevented or treated when patients are equipped with the necessary information. Browse through our conditions library to learn more about topics that interest you. When you're ready, call for an appointment.
Arch and Ball of the Foot
These conditions generally develop as a result of improper footwear, injury, or overuse. Weight gain may also play a contributing role.
- Arch Types
- Adult acquired flatfoot
- Flat feet
- Morton’s Neuroma
- Plantar fasciitis
- Plantar fibromas
- Tarsal coalition
Children have flexible, resilient feet that are much less susceptible to the pains and discomforts associated with adulthood. None-the-less, childhood development poses a few concerns. It is very important to pay attention to a child's gait.
- Cavus Foot
- Flat feet
- Sever’s Disease
- Tarsal Coalition
Common Foot and Ankle Injuries
Throughout an individual's lifetime, they are exposed to a plethora of pain inducing foot and ankle injuries. The following conditions are caused by injury, repeated trauma, or accident.
- Achilles tendon rupture
- Achilles tendonitis
- Chronic lateral ankle pain
- Forefoot fractures
- Heel bone fractures
- Lisfranc injuries
- Peroneal tendonitis
- Sesamoid injuries
- Shin splints
- Stress fractures
Foot and ankle distortions are associated with inheriting certain foot structures. Deformities develop on their own but can become excessively aggravated through wearing improper footwear.
- Claw toe
- Hallux Rigidus
- Hammertoe(Mallet toe, Claw toe
- Overlapping/underlapping toes
Diabetes and Circulatory Disease
Individuals with diabetes are prone to developing foot and ankle conditions. Due to the reduction of blood flow to the feet and loss of sensation there is an increased risk of danger as many symptoms go unnoticed until after they've become severe.
- Charcot Foot
- Diabetic foot care
- Diabetic Wound Care
- Sports injuries
- Intermittent Claudication
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Smelly feet
- Tallus fractures
- Turf toe
Diseases of the Foot
Feet are known to display the first signs and symptoms of disease in the body. The distance from the foot to the heart and exposure to stresses make it prone to developing disease.
- Arthritis (Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis
- Charcot Foot
- Raynaud’s Disease
- Sever’s Disease
Pain located in the heel can cause great discomfort. These conditions are not associated with life-threatening circumstances, but heel pain when the feet are at rest is indicative of a problem more severe than what meets the eye.
Nail and Skin Problems
Invasive foreign bodies, such as bacteria and fungi, may infect the skin and toenails. These conditions are associated with two extremes: overly dry environments or exceedingly moist environments. Improper footwear can also be a contributing factor.
- Athlete’s Foot
- Black Toenails
- Burning feet
- Calluses and Corns
- Fungal nails
- Ingrown toenail
- Skin cancer
- Spider Veins
- Sweaty Feet
Symptoms of nerve and vascular disorders include burning or stabbing pain. These sensations occur at irregular intervals, even during times of rest and relaxation.
- Diabetic Neuropathy
- Morton’s Neuroma
- Peripheral Nerve Compression
- Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
The toes provide the entire body with the ability to move and a sense of balance while standing, walking, or running. Problems develop as a result of trauma to the foot, improper footwear, and overuse.
Patient education is vital to patient health. Dr. Todd Rieter wants you to make the best decisions possible when it comes to your health and well-being. If you have a condition that has gotten out of hand, let us help! Call 262-338-0901 or book your appointment online. Help us, help you.
Foot and ankle problems usually fall into the following categories:
- Acquired from improper footwear, physical stress, or small mechanical changes within the foot.
- Arthritic foot problems, which typically involve one or more joint.
- Congenital foot problems, which occur at birth and are generally inherited.
- Infectious foot problems, which are caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal disorders.
- Neoplastic disorders, usually called tumors, which are the result of abnormal growth of tissue and may be benign or malignant.
- Traumatic foot problems, which are associated with foot and ankle injuries.
The top foot problems are:
- Bunions - misaligned big toe joints that can become swollen and tender, causing the first joint of the big toe to slant outward, and the second joint to angle toward the other toes. Bunions tend to be hereditary, but can be aggravated by shoes that are too narrow in the forefoot and toe. Surgery is frequently performed to correct the problem.
- Hammertoe - a condition, usually stemming from muscle imbalance, in which the toe is bent in a claw-like position. It occurs most frequently with the second toe, often when a bunion slants the big toe toward and under it, but any of the other three smaller toes can be affected. Selecting shoes and socks that do not cramp the toes will alleviate aggravation.
- Heel spurs - growths of bone on the underside, forepart of the heel bone. Heel spurs occur when the plantar tendon pulls at its attachment to the heel bone. This area of the heel can later calcify to form a spur. With proper warm-up and the use of appropriate athletic shoes, strain to the ligament can be reduced.
- Ingrown nails - toenails whose corners or sides dig painfully into the skin. Ingrown toenails are frequently caused by improper nail trimming, but also by shoe pressure, injury, fungus infection, heredity and poor foot structure. Women are much more likely to have ingrown toenails than men. Ingrown nails can be prevented by trimming toenails straight across, selecting proper shoe style and size - not too tapered or shallow - and paying special attention to foot pain.
- Neuromas - enlarged benign growths of nerves, most commonly between the third and fourth toes. They are caused by tissue rubbing against and irritating the nerves. Pressure from ill-fitting shoes or abnormal bone structure can also lead to this condition. Treatments include orthoses (shoe inserts) and/or cortisone injections, but surgical removal of the growth is sometimes necessary.
- Plantar fasciitis (heel pain) - usually caused by an inflammation on the bottom of the foot. Our practice can evaluate arch pain, and may prescribe customized shoe inserts called orthoses to help alleviate the pain.
- Sesamoiditis - inflammation or rupture of the two small bones (sesamoids) under the first metatarsal bones. Proper shoe selection and orthoses can help.
- Shin splints - pain to either side of the leg bone, caused by muscle or tendon inflammation. It is commonly related to excessive foot pronation (collapsing arch), but may be related to a muscle imbalance between opposing muscle groups in the leg. Proper stretching and corrective orthoses (shoe inserts) for pronation can help prevent shin splints.
- Stress fractures - incomplete cracks in bone caused by overuse. With complete rest, stress fractures heal quickly. Extra padding in shoes helps prevent the condition. Stress fractures left untreated may become complete fractures, which require casting and immobilization.